Thursday, February 6, 2020
Midterm - Essay Example It also presents that people tend to believe in things that they do not really understand. In the movie, Chance seems to give out gardening metaphors relating to economic situation and forecasts. Gardening and television is the only world that Chance knows and so he makes remarks referring to the garden but what he means is really about the garden not economics but the people interpreted it in a different way finding him queer. The movie presents American politics as devious and devoid of credibility to lead the country. This clearly shows how Ashby believes that American politics and the government, at that, is not real but something that is created by the rich and famous people manipulating and dominating our society. 2. In William GoldingÃ¢â¬â¢s novel "The Lord of the Flies", is the Problem of Evil due primarily to a flaw in human nature or to cultural forces that have shaped the boysÃ¢â¬â¢ attitudes and behavior? Support your opinion with specific details from the book. Golding presents evil as an intrinsic nature of human beings that even innocent boys living in an uninhibited island are stained by it. Cruelty is shown as an indication of this evil and this is presented in the scene wherein the boys started hunting pigs. The desire of man for power is overpowering that it even the children, seen in the event of JackÃ¢â¬â¢s jealousy with RalphÃ¢â¬â¢s leadership. Golding also presents evil as something alive in each human being seeking to come out and be recognized and utilized. This can be seen in the urge that the children in the story feel to inflict pain. This can be particularly seen during the time that Roger threw rocks at the kids reasoning out that he is not really aiming at them. This can also be seen when the biguns were bullying the lilluns, kicking their sandcastle. And after the pain comes the rush of joy. Like at the time when they were hunting and killing the pig, the choirboys were overjoyed that they even had a ritual dance.
Tuesday, January 28, 2020
Invent School Program Essay I. Introduction Some students from Bansud National Highschool Ã¢â¬â Regional Science Highschool for Region IV-B MIMAROPA with other schoolÃ¢â¬â¢s representative from different towns in Mindoro joined a seminar held on 16-17th day of April 2013 at Filipiniana Hotel Convention Hall Calapan City, Oriental Mindoro. The seminar is about on how to make a Science Investigatory Project and some topics regarding in research fields. The representative of Department of Science and Technology Ã¢â¬â Technology Application and Promotion Institute (DOST Ã¢â¬â TAPI) organized a seminar for us. The speakers for the seminar are Dr. George M. Colorado, Ms. Teresita O. De Vera, and others. In our two-day seminar the topics they discussed is about Ã¢â¬Å"CreativityÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬ Creative, Perceptive, and Inventive ThinkingÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"Ideation tools and TechniquesÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"Creative Problem Solving ProcessÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"Invention DevelopmentÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"Prior Art SearchÃ¢â¬ , and Ã¢â¬Å"Intelectual Property Rights.Ã¢â¬ II. Knowledge / Learning Acquired I have knowledge on making a Science Investigatory Project because when I was on 5th grade level I joined a contest regarding on it. I also have knowledge in research fields because we have a subject about in our class about it. Based on what I learned from the seminar It is important to always ask yourself, train to think always so that your mind can easily perceive the things around our surroundings to come up a novel invention. I also learned from the speakers the difference of an invention and not. The most emphasized thing in the seminar is how to think and invent a creative Science Investigatory Project. III. Observation During our seminar I observed that our speakers have enough knowledge about the topic they are discussing. I also observed that they have freebies for us to participate in their discussion and question and answer portion. I observed that all students are interested to the topic they discussed and participated with the speakers attentively and most of all listened enough to learn. IV. Recommendations/ Suggestions I suggest that they provide a hand outs for all the participants of the seminar so that the participants or all students have notes to be compile and use it while the seminar is going on so that they donÃ¢â¬â¢t need to copy instead they will focused on listening to the speaker.
Monday, January 20, 2020
What Accounts for the Stability of the Tokugawa Regime? Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In the first half of the Seventeenth century, the regime perfected by Ieyasu Tokugawa and his successors was based on the accepted system of daimyÃ ´ domains which Nobunaga and Hideyoshi had been developing prior to IeyasuÃ¢â¬â¢s rule. It was thus basically feudal in structure, but it represented a highly organised and stable stage of feudalism, unlike Europe ever experienced. The reasons for the stability of such a regime are quite numerous, and demonstrate the bakufu governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s capability of maintaining a time of peace for the better part of two centuries. They maintained this peaceful era by the strict regulation of the other powers of Japan, and thus there own influence was an omnipresent force throughout the nation. After the battle of Sekigahara in 1600, by which IeyasuÃ¢â¬â¢s total control of Japan was attained, in order to achieve quick stability, as stated, he made use of the thoroughly familiar DaimyÃ ´ System. Upon achieving this rapid yet superficial form of stability, he endeavoured to make various improvements so as to solidify the permanence of his own power, and subsequently Tokugawa rule in general. This first method which he adopted to secure his position was by the division of land post-Sekigahara. The shÃ ´gun reserved for themselves a huge realm consisting of a quarter of the agricultural land of the country, located largely around their Kanto headquarters in Edo and the old capital region around Kyoto, but also including all the major Japanese cities, ports and mines. The other three quarters of the land was divided between three types of daimyÃ ´. Firstly, there were the Ã¢â¬ËrelatedÃ¢â¬â¢ daimyÃ ´ which consisted of various branches of the Tokugawa family, most notably the three large domains of Wakayama, Mito and Nagoya. Then there were the many fudai (Ã¢â¬ËhereditaryÃ¢â¬â¢) daimyÃ ´, who had been IeyasuÃ¢â¬â¢s vassals pre 1600, with their rather small fiefs in central Japan. Finally there were the tozama, who, during the battle of Sekigahara, had either been IeyasuÃ¢â¬â¢s enemies or powerful allies and still posed a threat to his rule. These tozama held relatively large fiefs at the western and northern ends of the islands, far form the strategically important central part of the country. Thus the Tokugawa coalition of shÃ ´gun, Ã¢â¬ËrelatedÃ¢â¬â¢ daimyÃ ´, and Ã¢â¬ËhereditaryÃ¢â¬â¢ daimyÃ ´ (both of which were loyal to the shÃ ´gun), held well over half the agricultural land and virtually all the central and most strategic regions, and so any potential threat to Tokugawa rule was minimised.
Sunday, January 12, 2020
TYPES OF FARMING IN INDIA Primitive Subsistence Farming This type of farming is still practised in few pockets of India. Primitive subsistence agriculture is practised on small patches of land with the help of primitive tools like hoe, dao and digging sticks, and family/community labour. This type of farming depends upon monsoon, natural fertility of the soil and suitability of other environmental conditions to the crops grown. It is a Ã¢â¬Ëslash and burnÃ¢â¬â¢ agriculture. Farmers clear a patch of land and produce cereals and other food crops to sustain their family.When the soil fertility decreases, the farmers shift and clear a fresh patch of land for cultivation. This type of shifting allows Nature to replenish the fertility of the soil through natural processes; land productivity in this type of agriculture is low as the farmer does not use fertilisers or other modern inputs. It is known by different names in different parts of the country. It is known as jhumming in north-e astern states like Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland; Pamlou in Manipur, Dipa in Bastar district of Chattishgarh, and in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.This primitive form of cultivation is called Ã¢â¬ËBewarÃ¢â¬â¢ or Ã¢â¬ËDahiyaÃ¢â¬â¢ in Madhya Pradesh, Ã¢â¬ËPoduÃ¢â¬â¢ or Ã¢â¬ËPendaÃ¢â¬â¢ in Andhra Pradesh, Ã¢â¬ËPama DabiÃ¢â¬â¢ or Ã¢â¬ËKomanÃ¢â¬â¢ or BringaÃ¢â¬â¢ in Orissa, Ã¢â¬ËKumariÃ¢â¬â¢ in Western Ghats, Ã¢â¬ËValreÃ¢â¬â¢ or Ã¢â¬ËWaltreÃ¢â¬â¢ in South-eastern Rajasthan, Ã¢â¬ËKhilÃ¢â¬â¢ in the Himalayan belt, Ã¢â¬ËKuruwaÃ¢â¬â¢ in Jharkhand, and Ã¢â¬ËJhummingÃ¢â¬â¢ in the North-eastern region. Intensive Subsistence Farming This type of farming is practised in areas of high population pressure on land. It is labour intensive farming, where high doses of biochemical inputs and irrigation are used for obtaining higher production.Though the Ã¢â¬Ëright of inheritanceÃ¢â¬â¢ leading to the division of land among successive generatio ns has rendered land-holding size uneconomical, the farmers continue to take maximum output from the limited land in the absence of alternative source of livelihood. Thus, there is enormous pressure on agricultural land. Commercial Farming The main characteristic of this type of farming is the use of higher doses of modern inputs, e. g. high yielding variety (HYV) seeds, chemical fertilisers, insecticides and pesticides in order to obtain higher productivity.The degree of commercialisation of agriculture varies from one region to another. For example, rice is a commercial crop in Haryana and Punjab, but in Orissa, it is a subsistence crop. Plantation Plantation is also a type of commercial farming. In this type of farming, a single crop is grown on a large area. The plantation has an interface of agriculture and industry. Plantations cover large tracts of land, using capital intensive inputs, with the help of migrant labourers. All the produce is used as raw material in respective i ndustries. In India, tea, coffee, rubber, sugarcane, banana, etc.. are important plantation crops.Tea in Assam and North Bengal coffee in Karnataka are some of the important plantation crops grown in these states. Since the production is mainly for market, a well developed network of transport and communication connecting the plantation areas, processing industries and markets plays an important role in the development of plantations. CROPPING PATTERN India has three cropping seasons Ã¢â¬â rabi, kharif and zaid. www. excellup. com Ã © 2009 Send your queries and suggestions to [emailÃ protected] com Rabi: Rabi crops are sown in winter from October to December and harvested in summer from April to June.Some of the important rabi crops are wheat, barley, peas, gram and mustard. Though, these crops are grown in large parts of India, states from the north and northwestern parts such as Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttaranchal and Uttar Pradesh are important for the production of wheat and other rabi crops. Availability of precipitation during winter months due to the western temperate cyclones helps in the success of these crops. However, the success of the green revolution in Punjab, Haryana, western Uttar Pradesh and parts of Rajasthan has also been an important factor in the growth of the above mentioned rabi crops.Kharif: Kharif crops are grown with the onset of monsoon in different parts of the country and these are harvested in September-October. Important crops grown during this season are paddy, maize, jowar, bajra, tur (arhar), moong, urad, cotton, jute, groundnut and soyabean. Some of the most important rice-growing regions are Assam, West Bengal, coastal regions of Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Maharashtra, particularly the (Konkan coast) along with Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Recently, paddy has also become an important crop of Punjab and Haryana.In states like Assam, West Bengal and Orissa, three crops of pa ddy are grown in a year. These are Aus, Aman and Boro. Zaid: In between the rabi and the kharif seasons, there is a short season during the summer months known as the Zaid season. Some of the crops produced during Ã¢â¬ËzaidÃ¢â¬â¢ are watermelon, muskmelon, cucumber, vegetables and fodder crops. Sugarcane takes almost a year to grow. Major Crops Rice: It is the staple food crop of a majority of the people in India. Our country is the second largest producer of rice in the world after China.It is a kharif crop which requires high temperature, (above 25Ã °C) and high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm. In the areas of less rainfall, it grows with the help of irrigation. Rice is grown in the plains of north and north-eastern India, coastal areas and the deltaic regions. Development of dense network of canal irrigation and tubewells have made it possible to grow rice in areas of less rainfall such as Punjab, Haryana and western Uttar Pradesh and parts of Rajasthan. Wheat: Th is is the second most important cereal crop. It is the main food crop, in north and north-western part of the country.This rabi crop requires a cool growing season and a bright sunshine at the time of ripening. It requires 50 to 75 cm of annual rainfall evenly distributed over the growing season. There are two important wheat-growing zones in the country Ã¢â¬â the Ganga-Satluj plains in the northwest and black soil region of the Deccan. The major wheatproducing states are Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan and parts of Madhya Pradesh. Millets: Jowar, bajra and ragi are the important millets grown in India. Though, these are known as coarse grains, they have very high nutritional value.For example, ragi is very rich in iron, calcium, other micro nutrients and roughage. Jowar is the third most important food crop with respect to area and production. It is a rain-fed crop mostly grown in the moist areas which hardly needs irrigation. Maharashtra is the largest producer of jowar followed by Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Bajra grows well on sandy soils and shallow black soil. Rajasthan is the largest producer of bajra followed by Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Haryana. Ragi is a crop of dry regions and grows well on red, black, sandy, loamy and shallow black soils.Karnataka is the largest producer of ragi followed by Tamil Nadu. Apart from these states, www. excellup. com Ã © 2009 Send your queries and suggestions to [emailÃ protected] com Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Sikkim, Jharkhand and Arunachal Pradesh are also important for the production of ragi. Maize: It is a crop which is used both as food and fodder. It is a kharif crop which requires temperature between 21Ã °C to 27Ã °C and grows well in old alluvial soil. In some states like Bihar maize is grown in rabi season also. Use of modern inputs such as HYV seeds, fertilisers and irrigation have contributed to the increasing production of maize.Major maize-produc ing states are Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Pulses: India is the largest producer as well as the consumer of pulses in the world. These are the major source of protein in a vegetarian diet. Arhar, urad, moong, masur, chana and peas are major pulses of India. Pulses help in restoring soil fertility. That is why they are produce in rotation with other crops. UP, MP, Rajasthan and Karnataka are major pulse producing states in India. Sugarcane: Sugarcane grows in hot and humid climate. It requires temperature range of 21Ã ° to 27Ã ° c and rainfall of 75 cm to 100 cm.Sugar can grow on variety of soils. After Brazil, India is the second largest producer of sugarcane in the world. It is the main source of sugar, gur (jaggary), khandsari and molasses. The major sugarcane-producing states are Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Punjab and Haryana. Oil Seeds: India is the largest producer of oilseeds in the world. Different oil seeds are grown covering approximately 12 per cent of the total cropped area of the country. Main oil-seeds produced in India are groundnut, mustard, coconut, sesamum (til), soyabean, castor seeds, cotton seeds, linseed and sunflower.Most of these are edible and used as cooking mediums. However, some of these are also used as raw material in the production of soap, cosmetics and ointments. Groundnut is a kharif crop and accounts for about half of the major oilseeds produced in the country. Andhra Pradesh is the largest producer of groundnut followed by Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Gujarat and Maharashtra Ã¢â¬â linseed and mustard are rabi crops. Sesamum is a kharif crop in north and rabi crop in south India. Castor seed is grown both as rabi and kharif crop. Tea: Tea cultivation is an example of plantation agriculture.It is also an important beverage crop introduced in India initially by the British. Today, most of the tea plantations are owned by Indians. The tea plant g rows well in tropical and sub-tropical climates endowed with deep and fertile well-drained soil, rich in humus and organic matter. Tea bushes require warm and moist frost-free climate all through the year. Frequent showers evenly distributed over the year ensure continuous growth of tender leaves. Tea is a labourintensive industry. It requires abundant, cheap and skilled labour. Tea is processed within the tea garden to restore its freshness.Major tea producing states are Assam, hills of Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Apart from these, Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Meghalaya, Andhra Pradesh and Tripura are also tea-producing states in the country. India is the leading producer as well as exporter of tea in the world. Coffee: India produces about four per cent of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s coffee production. Indian coffee is known in the world for its good quality. The Arabica variety initially brought from Yemen is produced in the country. This var iety is in great demand all over the world.Intially its cultivation was introduced on the Baba Budan Hills. Others: India is a producer of tropical as well as temperate fruits. Mangoes of Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal, oranges of Nagpur and Cherrapunjee www. excellup. com Ã © 2009 Send your queries and suggestions to [emailÃ protected] com (Meghalaya), bananas of Kerala, Mizoram, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu, lichi and guava of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, pineapples of Meghalaya, grapes of Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra, apples, pears, apricots and walnuts of Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh are in great demand the world over.Horticulture Crops: India is the largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world. India produces about 13 per cent of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s vegetables. It is an important producer of pea, cauliflower, onion, cabbage, tomato, brinjal and potato. Non-Food Crops Rubber: It is an equatorial crop, but under special conditions, it is also grown tropical areas. It requires moist and humid climate with rainfall of more temperature above 25Ã °C. Rubber is an important industrial raw material. It Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andaman and Nicabar islands and Garo India ranks fifth among the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s natural rubber producers.in tropical and subthan 200 cm. and is mainly grown in hills of Meghalaya. Cotton: India is believed to be the original home of the cotton plant. Cotton is one of the main raw materials for cotton textile industry. India is the third-largest producer of cotton in the world. Cotton grows well in drier parts of the black cotton soil of the Deccan plateau. It requires high temperature, light rainfall orirrigation, 210 frost-free days and bright sunshine for its growth. It is a kharif crop and requires 6 to 8 months to mature.Major cotton-producing states are Ã¢â¬â Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. Jute: It is known as the golden fibre. Jute grows well on well-drained fertile soils in the flood plains where soils are renewed every year. High temperature is required during the time of growth. West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Orissa and Meghalaya are the major jute producing states. It is used in making gunny bags, mats, ropes, yarn, carpets and other artefacts. Due to its high cost, it is losing market to synthetic fibres and packing materials, particularly the nylon.Bhoodan Ã¢â¬â Gramdan & Land Reforms Vinoba Bhave spread the awareness about donating surplus land to the landless. This was a precursor of abolition of Zamindari system. Ã¢â¬ËLand reformÃ¢â¬â¢ was the main focus of our First Five Year Plan. The right of inheritance had already lead to fragmentation of land holdings necessitating consolidation of holdings. The laws of land reforms were enacted but the laws of implementation was lacking or lukewarm. The Government of India embarked upon introducing agricultural reforms to improve Indian agriculture in the 1960s and 1970s.The Green Revolution based on the use of package technology and the White Revolution (Operation Flood) were some of the strategies initiated to improve the lot of Indian agriculture. But, this too led to the concentration of development in few selected areas. In states like Punjab, UP, proper implementation fo land reform has led viable size of plot. The right size leads to scale economy and better crop management leading to optimum production. Therefore, in the 1980s and 1990s, a comprehensive land development programme was initiated, which included both institutional and technical reforms.Provision for crop insurance against drought, flood, cyclone, fire and disease, establishment of Grameen banks, cooperative societies and banks for providing loan facilities to the farmers at lower rates of interest were some important steps in this direction. Kissan Credit Card (KCC), Personal Accident Insurance Scheme (PAIS) are some other schem es introduced by the Government of India for the benefit of the farmers. Moreover, special weather bulletins and www. excellup. com Ã © 2009 Send your queries and suggestions to [emailÃ protected] comagricultural programmes for farmers were introduced on the radio and television. The government also announces minimum support price, remunerative and procurement prices for important crops to check the exploitation of farmers by speculators and middlemen. Current Scenario: The growth rate in agriculture is decelerating which is an alarming situation. Today, Indian farmers are facing a big challenge from international competition and our government is going ahead with reduction in the public investment in agriculture sector particularly in irrigation, power, rural roads, market and mechanisation.Subsidy on fertilisers is decreased leading to increase in the cost of production. Moreover, reduction in import duties on agricultural products have proved detrimental to agriculture in the country. Farmers are withdrawing their investment from agriculture causing a downfall in the employment in agriculture. Agriculture has been the backbone of the Indian economy though its share in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has registered a declining trend from 1951 onwards; yet its share in providing employment and livelihood to the population continues to be as high as 63 per cent in 2001.The declining share of agriculture in the GDP is a matter of serious concern because any decline and stagnation in agriculture will lead to a decline in other spheres of the economy having wider implications for society. Considering the importance of agriculture in India, the Government of India made concerted efforts to modernise agriculture. Establishment of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), agricultural universities, veterinary services and animal breeding centres, horticulture development, research and development in the field of meteorology and weather forecast, etc. were given priority for improving Indian agriculture.Apart from this, improving the rural infrastructure was also considered essential for the same. FOOD SECURITY If any segment of our population does not have this access, that segment suffers from lack of food security. The number of people who do not have food security is disproportionately large in some regions of our country, particularly in economically less developed states with higher incidence of poverty. The remote areas of the country are more prone to natural disasters and uncertain food supply. In order to ensure availability of food to all sections of society our government carefully designed a national food security system.It consists of two components (a)buffer stock and (b) public distribution system (PDS). Public Distribution System: PDS is a programme which provides food grains and other essential commodities at subsidised prices in rural and urban areas. IndiaÃ¢â¬â¢s food security policy has a primary objective to en sure availability of foodgrains to the common people at an affordable price. It has enabled the poor to have access to food. The focus of the policy is on growth in agriculture production and on fixing the support price for procurement of wheat and rice, to maintain their stocks.Food Corporation of India (FCI) is responsible for procuring and stocking foodgrains, whereas distribution is ensured by public distribution system (PDS). The FCI procures foodgrains from the farmers at the government announced minimum support price (MSP). The government used to provide subsidies on agriculture inputs such as fertilizers, power and water. These subsidies have now reached unsustainable levels and have also led to large scale inefficiencies in the use of these scarce inputs. Excessive and imprudent use of fertilizers and water has led to waterlogging, salinity and depletion of essential micronutrients in www.excellup. com Ã © 2009 Send your queries and suggestions to [emailÃ protected] com the soil. The high MSP, subsidies in input and committed FCI purchases have distorted the cropping pattern. Wheat and paddy crops are being grown more for the MSP they get. Punjab and Haryana are foremost examples. This has also created a serious imbalance in inter-crop parities. In PDS consumers are divided into two categories : Ã¢â¬ ¢ Below poverty line(BPL) and Ã¢â¬ ¢ Above poverty line (APL), with the issue price being different for each category.However, this categorisation is not perfect and a number of deserving poor have been excluded from the BPL category. Moreover, some of the so called APL slip back to BPL, because of the failure of even one crop and it is administratively difficult to accommodate such shifts. Suggestion for Future: Each district and block can be made self sufficient in foodgrain production if government provides proper agricultural infrastructure, credit linkages and also encourages the use of latest techniques.Instead of concentrating only on rice or wheat, the food crop with a better growth potential in that particular area must be encouraged. Creation of necessary infrastructure like irrigation facilities, availability of electricity etc. may also attract private investments in agriculture. The focus on increasing foodgrain production which should be on a sustainable basis and also free trade in grains will create massive employment and reduce poverty in rural areas. Shifting Agricultural Pattern: There has been a gradual shift from cultivation of food crops to cultivation of fruits, vegetables, oil-seeds and industrial crops.This has led to the reduction in net sown area under cereals and pulses. With the growing population of India, the declining food production puts a big question mark over the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s future food security. The competition for land between non-agricultural uses such as housing etc. and agriculture has resulted in reduction in the net sown area. The productivity of land has started showing a declini ng trend. Fertilisers, pesticides and insecticides, which once showed dramatic results, are now being held responsible for degrading the soils.Periodic scarcity of water has led to reduction in area under irrigation. Inefficient water management has led to water logging and salinity. Impact of Globalisation on Agriculture Under globalisation, particularly after 1990, the farmers in India have been exposed to new challenges. Despite being an important producer of rice, cotton, rubber, tea, coffee, jute and spices our agricultural products are not able to compete with the developed countries because of the highly subsidised agriculture in those countries.Change in cropping pattern for example from cereals to high-value crops will mean that India will have to import food. During 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s this would have been seen as a disaster. But if India imports cereals while exporting high-value commodities, it will be following successful economies like Italy, Israel and Chile. These countrie s exports farm products (fruits, olives, speciality seeds and wine) and import cereals. www. excellup. com Ã © 2009 Send your queries and suggestions to [emailÃ protected] com
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Gatsby and Loman My own lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s dream is to have a career in which I can surround myself in music. I will not let anything stand between my dream and I; however, I will never allow my dream to come between myself and my loved ones, or my reality. Many have already fallen victim to the pursuit of the American Dream Ã¢â¬â a fantastic projection of life that varies based upon its dreamer. However, the road to the American Dream, if followed blindly, can lead to nothing more than a dead end. In The Great Gatsby, by F. Scott Fitzgerald, and in Arthur MillerÃ¢â¬â¢s Death of a Salesman, respective protagonists Jay Gatsby and Willy Loman are blinded by the pursuit of the American Dream, and both meet their downfalls at the hands of their own ignorance.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦However, since he has been working for so long, most of his acquaintances have already left his field of work and stranded Willy with young strangers. His techniques as a salesman are very antiquated an d, therefore obsolete. His dreams of success are thusly bound to come to nothing. Loman spends most of his time dreaming about the financial success that he will never attain, which blinds him from seeing the futility of his actions. Anguished by several failures that resulted from his constant dreaming, Loman commits suicide, ending the road to his American Dream. The American Dream is the ideal daydream, promising an abundant happiness. Whether its dreamer sees a millionaire, a successful businessman, or a simple musician at the end of the road to the American Dream, the road must always be planned with caution. For Gatsby and Loman, who were taken astray by lust, or by the mere thought of the dream, the fruits of the American Dream were just out of reach. But, if pursued with a clear mind and plentiful tenacity, the propitious road to the American Dream is a worthwhile trek. Revision Reflection I have always been better at writing drafted essays. The revision process of the Loman-Gatsby essay, however, is one of the most efficient essay processes I have undergone. Though the first, in-class draft of the essay was especially difficult to write, it was easy to edit. When writing essays, I like to be able to step away from the text for a while inShow MoreRelated Willy Loman, Jay Gatsby, and the Pursuit of the American Dream798 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWilly Loman, Jay Gatsby, and the Pursuit of the American Dream Scott Fitzgerald, author of The Great Gatsby, and Arthur Miller, author of Death of a Salesman, both tell the stories of men in the costly pursuit of the American dream. As a result of several conflicts, both external and internal, both characters experience an extinction of the one thing that they have set their sights on.... The American Dream. Jay Gatsby, a mysterious, young and very wealthyRead MoreThe American Dream By F. Scott Fitzgerald And Death Of A Salesman Essay1391 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesProminent American writer and historian James Truslow Adams once wrote, Ã¢â¬Å"The American Dream is that dream of a land in which life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability or achievement. In both The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald and Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller, the main characters search for the achievement of the American dream in themselves and the world around them. While the American dream is defined differently for theRead MoreDeath Of Salesman By F. Scott Fitzgerald1515 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesplay Death of Salesman by Arthur Miller, the protagonist Willy Loman is depicted as a man who has failed in life; he spent most of his life reminiscing the past. This affected his life greatly, especially his relationship with his son, Biff Loman. Nevertheles s, in the novel, The Great Gatsby by Francis Scott Fitzgerald, the protagonist, Jay Gatsby undergoes a major change in life; he goes from being a poor man to West EggÃ¢â¬â¢s richest man. Gatsby believes that his wealth would help him get the love ofRead MoreThe Death Of A Salesman By Arthur Miller1497 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages It illustrates how the protagonist Willy stops at nothing to achieve what he believes is the American dream in spite of encountering many costs. Willy is, however, not able to achieve his American dream, because he is very stubborn. The Great Gatsby is a novel written by F. S. Fitzgerald and is also about the pursuit of the American dream. The two novels detail the downfall of their respective protagonists in their quest to achieve the elusive American dream. However, the two novels are also differentRead MoreGatsby And Death Of A Salesman Analysis1003 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesJay Gatsby in F. Scott FitzgeraldÃ¢â¬â¢s The Great Gatsby and Willy Loman in Arthur Mi llerÃ¢â¬â¢s Death of a Salesman are both American men in pursuit of the American Dream which is, to acquire wealth, success, and prestige. This quest for money drives modern-day America, but behind our perpetual urge to consume and possess lays a grim motive. It is human awareness of mortality and the subsequent desire to prove we are special and somehow resistant to death that fuels the longing for wealth and possessionsRead More Pursuit of the American Dream in Great Gatsby and Death of a Salesman1323 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesComparing the Pursuit of the American Dream by Jay Gatsby and Willy Loman (Essay outline also included in the word count.) People from all around the world have dreamed of coming to America and building a successful life for themselves. The American Dream is the idea that, through hard work and perseverance, the sky is the limit in terms of financial success and a reliable future. While everyone has a different interpretation of the American Dream, some people use it as an excuse to justifyRead MoreDeath of a Salesman Compared to the Great Gatsby Essay613 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe Great Gatsby In the search for the American dream many things can be lost, this is reflected in the novel The Great Gatsby and the movie Death of a Salesman. Both of these works demonstrate the lengths that some people will go to in order to achieve the stereotypical life of a rich, successful and powerful American, which is often referred to as the American dream. Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller illustrates how the character Willy will stop at nothing to achieve the American dream, despiteRead MoreFailure Of The American Dream In The Writings Of F. Scott Fitzgerald, Zora Neale Hurston, And August Wilson1418 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThis literary study will define the failure of the Ã¢â¬ American DreamÃ¢â¬ in the writings of F. Scott Fitzgerald, Arthur Miller, Zora Neale Hurston, and August Wilson. FitzgeraldÃ¢â¬â¢s account of the Jay Gatsby s rise to fame in the 1920s defines the failure of financial success as part of the American Dream. Gatsby will eventually die due to his excessive greed, which is not unlike the emotional death of Willy Loman as he fails to become a successful salesman in Author MillerÃ¢â¬â¢s Death of a Salesman. MoreRead MoreThe Great Gatsby And The Death Of A Salesman1427 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages In both The Great Gatsby and The Death of a Salesman, the pursuit of the American Dream is a destructive force that is evident throughout the texts because neither Gatsby nor Willy understand their own limitations. Willy Loman and Gatsby are characters fascinated and easily dominated by the American dream that destroys them. Their dreams come from an illusionary past and that are both based outside of their own selves. Gatsby wanted to rewind to his past, while Willy attempted to create a descentRead MoreEssay On The American Dream In The Great Gatsby1652 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe American Dream is a popular theme in many classic American novels and has been throughout history. This theme is often used as a motive or influence for the plot of many novels and drives characters to take action to accomplish these dreams. The American Dream is also used in the two novels, The Great Gatsby, by F. Scott Fitzgerald, and Death of a Salesman, by Arthur Miller. Both of the main characters in these novels had a specific dream and they based their entire lives off of these dreams. The
Friday, December 27, 2019
Almaty is in the list of ten most polluted cities in the world. Even Moscow is on the 14th place, which means that the problem is not in the cars number only. (KazakhstanToday, n.d). Moreover, some of the Kazakhstani experts claim that air pollution in Almaty will soon achieve the critical point (Kapital, 2015). The problem is that both the government and citizens understand the current problem, but there is still no change. Air pollution causes environmental changes, increasing in average temperature and also a lot of illnesses and diseases such as allergies and lungs problems. The problem has to be solved because Almaty is the financial center of Kazakhstan and a lot of people including students, workers, foreign tourists come every year. Almaty does not have a lot of factories, so the main cause of air pollution is transport. Due to increasing of air pollution from transport in Almaty, which causes cardiovascular mortality of 446 people per 100,000 in Almaty (Kenessariyev et al, 2013) , the problem has to be solved by building more metro stations, prohibiting old cars coming to the city and promoting using pollution-free clean natural gas. Air pollution in Almaty has been a big problem until recent days. It is located among mountains, so it is more difficult for air to ventilate. Because of that, a lot of greenhouse gases remain in the atmosphere of the city. With increasing amount of population and vehicles, the air is becoming more and more polluted. Today, KazakhstanShow MoreRelatedThe Problem Of Air Pollution1142 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesbelieved that the problem of air pollution began with the industrial revolution (circa 1750 -1850) which brought with it the increased burning of coal that fueled the engines upon which the wheels of the industrial revolution were being propelled. Air pollution issues have dominated international discourse in the last couple of decades as a result of its adverse effects on the climate system. But most important is the damaging effects that some of these pollutants in the ambient air have in the humanRead MoreThe Problem Of Air Pollution1708 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAll of these are examp les of pollution; which is one the sacrifices that comes with being a large city that is emerging. Pollution is defined as the action or process of making land, water, air, etc., dirty and not safe or suitable to use.2 We understand that Phoenix is a rapidly growing city, but they should be able to grow without being a detriment to the environment and health of their citizens. The purpose of my report is to examine the problem of air pollution in Phoenix, Arizona and look atRead MoreProblems Caused by Air Pollution1082 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesProblems Caused By Air Pollution Some people think that air pollution is not harming the earth or the people, but it is doing worse, by killing the earth and getting people sick. Air pollutants, according to Gay, are known to cause respiratory diseases, cancer, and other serious illnesses (12). Air pollution not only threatens the health and life of humans but also causes damage to the environment (Gay 13). First, air pollution causes a great deal of health problems. Wanting clean air isRead MoreAir Pollution As A Growing Problem1530 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSince last century, air pollution has become one of the most popular topics related to peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s healthy life. After the Second World War, the consumption of fossil energy increase sharply due to the rapid development of industry and transportation, however, there almost no relevant environmental regulations to control the negative effects caused by industrial emissions. Therefore, air pollution became a growing problem. This paper will compare the conditions of air pollution between Los Angeles andRead MoreThe Environmental Problem Of Air Pollution897 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAir pollution has become a very costly environmental problem in terms of both human lives and in terms of billions of dollars lost for health-care expenditure and crop damage. In this essay, I shall identify the main air pollutants in my community, having contacted the local pollution control authorities. I will compare my own community with others and discuss my findings. Finally, I shall discuss two of my own skills or interests which could be applied, if I had the time and resources, to helpRead MoreAir Pollution Is A Serious Problem1507 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAir pollution is a serious problem in our society that damages many things such as crops, trees, plants, and natural resources. Air pollution can be indoor or outdoors, when people smoke or vehicles exhaust pollutes the air. It is an additional harmful substance that damages environment, human health, and quality of life. The state of Minnesota has taken this into consideration and decided to protect its residence and visitorÃ¢â¬â¢s well-being and health. As stated in the Minnesota Department of HealthRead MoreAir Pollution Is A Serious Problem1571 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAir pollution is a very serious problem throughout the world. Exposure to air pollution is easy and it can affect your health. Air pollution is the introduction of particulates, biological molecules, or other harmful materials into EarthÃ¢â¬â¢s atmosphere, causing diseases, death to humans, and damage to other living organisms such as animals and food crops, or the natural or built environment (Air Pollution, 2016, June 27). This definition proves that exposure to air pollution can harm the main thingsRead More Problems Caused By Air Pollution Essay1061 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Problems Caused By Air Pollution nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Some people think that air pollution is not harming the earth or the people, but it is doing worse, by killing the earth and getting people sick. quot;Air pollutants,quot; according to Gay, quot;are known to cause respiratory diseases, cancer, and other serious illnessesquot; (12). Air pollution not only threatens the health and life of humans but also causes damage to the environment (Gay 13). nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;FirstRead MoreEnvironmental Problems: Air Pollution Essay2135 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesIntroduction: Air pollution is among the critical challenges facing modern societies and is one of the most pressing environing mental problems. Air pollution is accountable for major harmful effects on human strength, animal survives, natural ecosystems and the man-made environment. It is also responsible for climate change due to the improved greenhouse effect, acid rain, and the reduction of the ozone layer that inaugurate important global environmental problems. Air pollution occurs both outdoorsRead MoreAir Pollution Is A Costly Environmental Problem878 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAir pollution has become very costly environmental problem in terms of both human lives and in terms of billions of dollars lost for health-care expenditure and crop damage. Contact the pollution control authorities in your community for the levels or air pollutants. Identify main air pollutants and the possible causes of air pollution. How does your community compare to others? Discuss your findings. The main two air pollutants in air above SanDiego, CA seems to be comprised of Ozone (O3) and
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Here are three solid arguments for betting on anything other than the lottery. With each argument, you will find ways of exploiting mathematical probability to get more for your money than playing the lottery will ever give. The first argument centres on why playing the lottery is a foolÃ¢â¬â¢s game, and the second two arguments explain how lottery alternatives will make you more money. Lottery Players Do Not Understand Probability Probability is not hard to understand as a concept, but it is a difficult thing to comprehend and render in your mind, especially when you are faced with what appears to be contradictory evidence. For example, probability suggests that you are more likely to die in a car than in an airplane, and yet people are viciously afraid of flying because of the fear they will die. People understand the concept of probability in that they could spend their life on a plane until the age of 168 and never have an accident, and yet they still feel a fear of death when going on a plane. In this case, people experience contradictory evidence and therefore cannot accept the mathematical probability. They read about plane crashes where there were no survivors, and yet they get in cars all the time and never die. Plus, there are car crashes where people survive, and so forth. This Ã¢â¬Å"evidenceÃ¢â¬ makes comprehending the probability a tough pill to swallow. A lack of comprehension is to blame for why people play the lottery. The odds are absurdly-astronomically againstShow MoreRelatedThe State Of The United States Lotteries1555 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn the United States, lotteries are coordinated by the legislature amid the colonial and revolutionary period to raise assets which would be used to support infrastructure, bridges and schools. Amid the post-civil war, Congress authorized a progression of preventive policies which banned lottery activities. From 1895 to 1963, each state banned lotteries and vetoed them as a source of compensation. Consequently, in 1963, the state lottery was reinstated as a government, enterprise and an origin ofRead MoreThe Lottery By Shirley Jackson1299 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesgeneration. In the short story Ã¢â¬Å"The LotteryÃ¢â¬ by Shirley Jackson, the characters blindly follow a tradition that no one is certain how started but continue anyway. The purpose of the lottery in the story is to decided who in the town will be stoned to death because they believe it will ensure a fertile growing season. We do not know the year in which the story takes place, but we do know that some of the surrounding towns and communities are also participating in the lottery, and that some of the other townsRead MoreThe Lottery By Shirley Jackson1005 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages In some ways, Ã¢â¬Å"The LotteryÃ¢â¬ by Shirley Jackson could be seen as controversial. Within the first paragraph, we are left with two main questions; Ã¢â¬Å"what is the lottery?Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"why does it happen?Ã¢â¬ A major theme that answers the first question is all about tradition. Yes, the lottery is a tradition in many towns. No one has ever questioned this tradition, even though it is quite inhumane. In all honesty, you could compare this story very well to The Hunger Games just because of what this tradition consistsRead MoreThe Lottery By Shirley Jackson Setting Essay1511 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesstory. The setting of Ã¢â¬Å"The LotteryÃ¢â¬ by Shirley Jackson has extremely significant meaning to the plot of this story. The setting represents elements of irony, tradition, and unity. The mood in the beginning of the story is cheerful and appears to be a normal day. The children are playing, the men are talking about Ã¢â¬Å"planting and rain, tractors and taxesÃ¢â¬ (Jackson 1). Nothing seems to be abnormal about this particular day. This is a very unusual description of townspeople s activities and conversationsRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book The Lottery Essay1893 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages When I think of the lottery, I think of a game basically where they choose one number and something or something gets chosen. * Setting can best be defined as: B. Thy physical location, time, and social environment in which a story takes place. In the first paragraph, the setting is described as a beautiful sunny day that is during the summer. Everything is in bloom and the grass is green. Basically, during this first paragraph, the author describes it as a Ã¢â¬Å"perfectÃ¢â¬ day which shows how niceRead MoreEssay on Human Nature at its Worst2540 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesWhen Shirley JacksonÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"The LotteryÃ¢â¬ was first published in The New Yorker in 1948, it struck a nerve with readers. Ã¢â¬Å"The story was incendiary; readers acted as if a bomb had blown up in their faces . . . Shirley struck a nerve in mid-twentieth-century America . . . She had told people a painful truth about themselvesÃ¢â¬ (Oppenheimer 129). Interestingly, the story strikes that same nerve with readers today. When my English class recently viewed the video, those students who had not previously read theRead MoreBlind Obedience in Shirley Jacksons The Lottery Essay2503 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesWhen Shirley JacksonÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"T he LotteryÃ¢â¬ was first published in The New Yorker in 1948, it struck a nerve with readers. Ã¢â¬Å"The story was incendiary; readers acted as if a bomb had blown up in their faces . . . Shirley struck a nerve in mid-twentieth-century America . . . She had told people a painful truth about themselvesÃ¢â¬ (Oppenheimer 129). Interestingly, the story strikes that same nerve with readers today. When my English class recently viewed the video, those students who had not previouslyRead MoreInvestment Style Focused on Risk Diversification2348 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesDiversification, Schmiversification Steve Smith, 23, recently out of college, has just won $15 million in the lottery. After buying a few things, he realizes that he still has quite a bit of money, and starts to look at the big picture and what he should do. After his girlfriend shoots down his dreams of buying an island paradise where he could relax and golf all day, or buying his own rocket ship, Steve is forced to think of more practical things to do with his newly acquired fortune. UnableRead MoreAfrican American Performers: Egbert Austin Williams Essay1573 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesand a couple black, shady businessmen in Boston used the less fortunate of their own race to do so. They must find an heirloom to help fund the plan so they hire two detectives who are played by Walker a Ã¢â¬Å"knave, Rareback PinkertonÃ¢â¬ and Williams a Ã¢â¬Å"fool, Sheylock HomesteadÃ¢â¬ . They eventually end up in Dahomey as the rulers of the African state. A review of the show by, Ã¢â¬Å"The Theatre magazine proclaimed Bert Williams Ã¢â¬Ëa vastly funnier man than any white comedian now on the American stage.Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (Jas Obrecht)Read MoreControversial Topics Within the Hunger Games2289 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesMaking several appearances on the American Library AssociationÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Ëmost contested booksÃ¢â¬â¢ listings for its controversial and confronting content, The Hunger Games trilogy has become one of the most discussed Young Adult fictions since its debut in 2008. Through Suzanne CollinsÃ¢â¬â¢ use of provocative themes of class and extreme poverty, confronting depictions of violence amongst children and the challenging of stereotypical gender roles, the novel discusses the hardships faced by children living within